Reading manuals and experimenting with software is fine to learn the
software, but ACARS and CPDLC are for the most part operational instruments.
Learning how to be part of a well-greased organisation is better done by
examples and practice. I can attest that it is very rewarding to eventually
have a small role in a smooth operation that runs like clockwork. When your
team mates can rely on you, and you can rely on them, it makes for a much
better experience, and therefore a much better World Flight.
This transcript example assumes that you have the technical elements of
ACARS and CPDLC set up properly: the software is installed and works, and
you have put in your personal logon code (this is not a call sign, but a
cryptic key phrase entered in the Setup of the program you use).
22:05Z The crew of flight BAW744 from Sydney to Darwin enters the flight deck and begins their preparations.
22:12Z As part of the avionics setup, the F/O selects ACARS mode on
the MCDU (FMC COMM key) and enters basic flight details of the flight:
flight number (ATC call sign); departure, arrival, and primary alternate
airports; planned departure time; and ETA. The company for World Flight is
standard, 'WFD' (World Flight Dispatch). As a routine check, the F/O goes
via ACARS INDEX to LINK STATUS to see whether everything is OK with the
communications. It is. He leaves the center MCDU on ACARS PREFLIGHT.
22:31Z With the boarding and loading of the aircraft well underway,
the flight crew estimates that they will push back around 23:00Z and starts
departure preparation. They record the ATIS and monitor the clearance
delivery and ground controllers to get a feel of current operations at the
airport. The F/O uses ACARS to request a company dispatch release and
current weather reports for the departure airport and some places in the
vicinity. He notices that the ATIS advertises the availability of ACARS
pre-departure clearance (PDC):
22:35Z While awaiting the boarding to finish, the flight crew loads the route in the FMS via ACARS. Their Dispatch Office has prepared it for them, including a one-off modification just for today's flight, which their on-board company route database does not contain. Note: this function is only available on PS1 flight simulators.
22:37Z ACARS spits out the pre-departure clearance. There is no need to reply, as the system either delivers it all correctly, or not at all. ATC assumes that the clearance was delivered unless it is requested by voice at the appropriate time. The F/O checks the clearance and reports to the Captain. There is no need to adjust the departure plans, the clearance is as briefed.
Usually, the assigned squawk code functions as the confirmation that you have received the PDC. It depends on the circumstances whether ATC asks you to read back the squawk, or just checks its presence on your transponder.
Don't overlook the fact that your clearance may span more than one page! In
this example, there are two clearance pages.
22:40Z Earlier than expected, the loading is finished and Load Planning sends the final load sheet to the ACARS printer. While the F/O adjusts some minor details in the FMS, the Captain contacts Ground and requests startup clearance.
22:52Z ACARS sends the first of a series of progress reports to the WFD dispatch office, signalling that BAW744 left the gate for Darwin. The system automatically advances the ACARS page to INFLIGHT.
23:05Z Crossing FL100, the crew receives the voice ATC instruction
23:22Z The ACARS UPLINK message appears on the MCDU. The Captain pushes FMC COMM to read an incoming company message announcing that all World Flight aircraft are now airborne.
23:27Z With ATC UPLINK the CPDLC system calls for attention. A push
on ATC reveals a shortcut offer:
23:56 The crew requests a cruise (step) climb via CPDLC:
01:23Z Unnoticed by the crew, YSSY hands off the aircraft to YBBN. Only a peek at the ATC LOGON/STATUS page will reveal the new active center to the pilots.
01:34Z Another CPDLC instruction:
01:52Z Using the ATC REPORT page, the event of passing TN is relayed
to ATC. ATC does not acknowledge the reception of the report, as the CPDLC
system itself assures delivery. If it fails to deliver, it will tell the
pilot and offer to resend the report.
02:22Z The crew uses ACARS to request up to date weather reports for
Darwin and a few other fields. They also poll their dispatch office for
arrival information, such as the planned stand at Darwin. ACARS comes back
with Darwin weather:
02:30Z CPDLC announces
02:41Z As the plane comes out of cruise altitude, the ACARS system starts updating the Dispatch office with new ETAs and other changing details of the arrival, so that appropriate preparations can be made.
03:02Z On touchdown, the ACARS report is automatically sent to
Dispatch and the next crew heads for the gate. When the plane comes to a
final stop, the whole report is sent out, and the printer produces the
flight strip for the paperwork to be returned to Dispatch. The Captain signs
it off, securing the crew's pay for today.
03:14Z As part of the 'leaving cockpit' procedure, the F/O initialises the ACARS system by selecting the ACARS PREFLIGHT page and pushing INIT (LSK1L) twice. This wipes all memory and provides the next crew with a clean sheet. After a few minutes like this (without a call sign), the ground system flushes as well and everything is ready for the next flight.
|© 2024 Jeroen Hoppenbrouwers
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